By Donald E. Sheppard Front Page
Introduction DEVACA'S TRAILS ON GOOGLE EARTH
All Trail Maps by State
Trail to this Point
In November, 1534, Cabeza de Vaca entered Texas westbound above Port Arthur where he was freely visited by and healed advanced Caddoans for 11 months in the greater Houston Area. In October he crossed the Brazos River to westward rather than heading southwest toward Mexico City, then ascended the mountains west of San Antonio. He continued to the Pecos River then across desert to the Rio Grande below El Paso in January, 1536. Vaca descended New Mexico's Gila River into Arizona, but arriving near Phoenix, westbound, learned that he would pass Mexico unless he turned SOUTH. He headed up the Santa Cruz River through Tucson then up into Northwest Mexico.